As a real guy, you know exactly what to do when you are in pain: grit your teeth – and through! With these 7 pains, however, you’d better accept help
1. Sudden, severe pain in the groin area
The pain is as intense as a Roberto Carlos free kick that goes straight to your abdomen. The testicles are more likely to swell later.
Diagnosis: It could be testicular torsion. Usually the testicle dangles from the spermatic cord and is anchored to the bottom of the scrotum. If the anchorage is weak, the spermatic cord can be twisted in dangerous situations, which also cuts off the blood supply. A doctor has to untangle the testicle within six hours, otherwise the last hour has struck.
Treatment: The urologist feels the testicles and makes an ultrasound scan. Surgery is often indicated.
2. Constant pain in the feet or in the shins
The worst hurts when you exercise. But even when doing nothing you can feel it either in the back of the foot or in the shin.
Diagnosis: Presumably it is a fatigue fracture. Like any other body tissue, bone is continually regenerating itself. “But if you train so hard that the bones don’t have a chance to heal themselves, they can break,” says Dr. Andrew Feldman, doctor for the New York Rangers NHL ice hockey team.
Treatment: Radioactive markers make a stress fracture visible on the X-ray. Then there’s an end to running. In the worst case, you might have to wear a cast for a few weeks.
3. A sharp pain in the stomach
The stomach ache almost feels like a knife stab – but the attack comes from within.
Diagnosis: Because the space behind your washboard abs is crammed with organs, the pain can indicate inflammation of the appendix, pancreas, or gallbladder. None of these organs should burst and possibly pour pus into the abdomen. Then there would be mortal danger.
Treatment: “If it hurts in the lower right corner, the appendix is probably to blame,” says Professor Siegfried Kra from Yale University. One can suspect the gallbladder behind pain in the upper abdomen. In contrast, the pancreas (the pancreas) reports with agony below the breastbone and increased enzyme levels in the blood.
4. Temporary chest pain
Severe chest pain that comes on suddenly and goes away quickly.
Diagnosis: In this case, it could be an upset stomach – or a heart attack. “Even if the pain is short-lived, it can be a sign to be taken seriously,” warns Dr. John Stamatos, Medical Director of North Shore Pain Services in Long Island. A blood clot in one of the coronary arteries could block blood flow to an area of the heart. In around half of all heart attacks, death occurs after three to four hours.
Treatment: A blood test will show evidence of damaged heart tissue. Treatment options: balloon dilatation, bypass.
5. Leg pain with swelling
Your calf is killing you in pain. It is swollen, tender to the touch, and warm.
Diagnosis: You sit in place for six hours or more, for example on a long-haul flight. The blood sinks into your lower legs and clumps into a clot. If it is large enough, it clogs a deep vein in the leg. Unfortunately, the first thing you want to do, namely scratch, is also the worst: “Movement can cause the lump to migrate to the lungs. With fatal consequences,” says expert Stamatos.
Treatment: An X-ray venography detects thromboses. The phlebologist (vein doctor) will try to break up blood clots with medication.
6. Sudden, severe back pain
You have back pain, as if you had just lifted yourself on the closet. Usual treatment methods (warmth, rest, painkillers) do not help.
Diagnosis: “If you have nothing to do with lifting, sudden back pain can be an indication of an aneurysm,” says Professor Kra. The pathological dilatations of your blood vessels are most dangerous when the aorta is affected. But don’t worry, eventually the pain will subside – right after the main artery bursts.
Treatment: Computed tomography reveals where the aneurysm is and how big it is. Then there’s medication or an operation.
7. Pain when urinating
You moan while peeing, but not with pleasure. Plus, you could swear your urine stream is a rusty hue.
Diagnosis: the worst case? “Bladder cancer,” says Dr. Joseph A. Smith, Senior Consultant Urologist at Vanderbilt University. Incidentally, smoking is the most important risk factor for this fourth most common cancer in men. But maybe it’s just a bladder infection.
Treatment: If there are no inflammatory bacteria in your urine, the urologist will take a look inside the bladder. The doctor treats a tumor surgically or orders chemotherapy and / or radiation.